Definitions .

2 . In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,—

(a)  "contract" means a contract for or relating to the purchase or sale of securities;
[(aa)  "corporatisation" means the succession of a recognised stock exchange, being a body of individuals or a society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860), by another stock exchange, being a company incorporated for the purpose of assisting, regulating or controlling the business of buying, selling or dealing in securities carried on by such individuals or society;
(ab)  "demutualisation" means the segregation of ownership and management from the trading rights of the members of a recognised stock exchange in accordance with a scheme approved by the Securities and Exchange Board of India;]

[[(ac)]"derivative" includes—

(A)  a security derived from a debt instrument, share, loan, whether secured or unsecured, risk instrument or contract for differences or any other form of security;
(B)  a contract which derives its value from the prices, or index of prices, of underlying securities;]
(b)  "Government security" means a security created and issued, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, by the Central Government or a State Government for the purpose of raising a public loan and having one of the forms specified in clause (2) of section 2 of the Public Debt  Act, 1944 (18 of 1944);
(c)  "member" means a member of a recognised stock exchange;
(d)  "option in securities" means a contract for the purchase or sale of a right to buy or sell, or a right to buy and sell, securities in future, and includes a teji, a mandi, a teji mandi, a galli, a put, a call or a put and call in securities;
(e)  "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act;
(f)  "recognised stock exchange" means a stock exchange which is for the time being recognised by the Central Government under section 4;
(g)  "rules", with reference to the rules relating in general to the constitution and management of a stock exchange, includes, in the case of a stock exchange which is an incorporated association, its memorandum and articles of association;
[(ga)  "scheme" means a scheme for corporatisation or demutualisation of a recognised stock exchange which may provide for—
(i)  the issue of shares for a lawful consideration and provision of trading rights in lieu of membership cards of members of a recognised stock exchange;
(ii)  the restrictions on voting rights;
(iii)  the transfer of property, business, assets, rights, liabilities, recognitions, contracts of the recognised stock exchange, legal proceedings by, or against, the recognised stock exchange, whether in the name of the recognised stock exchange or any trustee or otherwise and any permission given to, or by, the recognised stock exchange;
(iv)  the transfer of employees of a recognised stock exchange to another recognised stock exchange;
(v)  any other matter required for the purpose of, or in connection with, the corporatisation or demutualisation, as the case may be, of the recognised stock exchange;]
[[(gb)]  "Securities Appellate Tribunal" means a Securities Appellate Tribunal established under sub-section (1) of section 15K of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992);]
(h)  "securities" include—
(i)  shares, scrips, stocks, bonds, debentures, debenture stock or other marketable securities of a like nature in or of any incorporated company or other body corporate;
[(ia)  derivative;
(ib)  units or any other instrument issued by any collective investment scheme to the investors in such schemes;]
[(ic)  security receipt as defined in clause (zg) of section 2 of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002;]
[(id)  units or any other such instrument issued to the investors under any mutual fund scheme.]
  [Explanation.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that "securities" shall not include any unit linked insurance policy or scrips or any such instrument or unit, by whatever name called, which provides a combined benefit risk on the life of the persons and investment by such persons and issued by an insurer referred to in clause (9) of section 2 of the Insurance Act, 1938 (4 of 1938);]
[(ie)  any certificate or instrument (by whatever name called), issued to an investor by any issuer being a special purpose distinct entity which possesses any debt or receivable, including mortgage debt, assigned to such entity, and acknowledging beneficial interest of such investor in such debt or receivable, including mortgage debt, as the case may be;]
(ii)  Government securities;
(iia)  such other instruments as may be declared by the Central Government to be securities; and
(iii)  rights or interest in securities;
[(i)  "spot delivery contract" means a contract which provides for,—
(a)  actual delivery of securities and the payment of a price therefor either on the same day as the date of the contract or on the next day, the actual period taken for the despatch of the securities or the remittance of money therefor through the post being excluded from the computation of the period aforesaid if the parties to the contract do not reside in the same town or locality;
(b)  transfer of the securities by the depository from the account of a beneficial owner to the account of another beneficial owner when such securities are dealt with by a depository;]
[(j)  "stock exchange" means—
(a)  any body of individuals, whether incorporated or not, constituted before corporatisation and demutualisation under sections 4A and 4B, or
(b)  a body corporate incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) whether under a scheme of corporatisation and demutualisation or otherwise,
  for the purpose of assisting, regulating or controlling the business of buying, selling or dealing in securities.]